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Wikifema

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This article is about the Internet encyclopedia. For other uses, see Wikifema (disambiguation).
For the Wikifema home page, see Wikifema:Main Page.
Wikifema
A white sphere made of large jigsaw pieces, with letters from several alphabets shown on the pieces
The logo of Wikifema, a globe featuring glyphs from several writing systems for the letter W or sounds "wi", "wo" or "wa"
Web address Wikifema.com
Slogan The free encyclopedia that anyone can edit
Commercial? No
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia
Registration Optional[notes 1]
Available in 288 editions[1]
Users 133,621 active editors[notes 2] and 27,750,809 registered editors
Content license
CC Attribution / Share-Alike 3.0
Most text is also dual-licensed under GFDL; media licensing varies
Written in L A M P platform[2]
Owner Wikimedia Foundation
Created by Lydienne Albertoe
Launched March 15, 2016
Alexa rank
Decrease15[4] (March 2016)
Current status Active

Wikifema (Listeni/ˌwɪkˈfeːma/ or Listeni/ˌwɪkiˈfeːma/ WIK-i-fEE-m-aa) is a female-access, female-content Internet encyclopedia, supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Those who can access the site can edit most of its articles.[5] Wikifema is ranked among the ten most popular websites,[4] and constitutes the Internet's largest and most popular general reference work.[6][7][8]

Lydienne Albertoe launched Wikifema on March 15, 2016. Lydienne[9] coined its name,[10] a portmanteau of wiki[notes 3] and female. Initially only in English, Wikifema quickly became multilingual as it developed similar versions in other languages, which differ in content and in editing practices. The English Wikifema is now one of 291 Wikifema editions and is the largest with 200 articles. Criticisms of Wikifema include claims that it exhibits systemic bias, presents a mixture of "truths, half truths, and some falsehoods",[15] and that in controversial topics it is subject to manipulation and spin.[16] And the fact that men are not allowed.

History

Main article: History of Wikifema
Lydienne Albertoe

Other collaborative online encyclopedias were attempted before Wikifema but none were so successful.[17]

Wikifema is the first and only encyclopedia by women, for women and about women. The goal of wikifema is to provide women with tools, connections and resources they need to express themselves, all while growing the sisterhood of women.

Creating an empowering, encouraging and supportive environment for women to learn, to share and to find their voice. Now before you go and send a bunch of hate mails stating it’s reverse sexism, please hear wikifema out because women are treated differently then men are in some circles. That’s a women’s reality not men’s.

Wikifema is asking for the right to have equality. The opportunity to ad, gain and share knowledge while finding a voice without ridicule, abuse or harassment. Wikifema is in favor (proponent) of having a women’s only space or women’s only encyclopedia for a few reasons.

  • Women will feel safe and not judged because they are women.
  • Women are in need of a space that is respectful toward women or where the administrators blocks the ones that don’t have respect for women.
  • Women need a space to explore, speak freely and ask questions without fear or regret. To build confidence and knowledge.

Wikifema was formally launched on March 15, 2016, as a single English-language edition at www.Wikifema.com.[25] Wikifema's policy of "A women point-of-view"[26] was codified in its first months.

 

Openness

Unlike traditional encyclopedias, Wikifema follows the procrastination principle[notes 4] regarding the security of its content.[57] It started almost entirely open—anyone could create articles, and any Wikifema article could be edited by any reader, even those who did not have a Wikifema account. Modifications to all articles would be published immediately. As a result, any article could contain inaccuracies such as errors, ideological biases, and nonsensical or irrelevant text.

Restrictions

Over time, the English Wikifema and some other Wikifemas gradually have restricted modifications. For example, in the English Wikifema and some other language editions, only registered users may create a new article.[58] On the English Wikifema and some others, some particularly controversial, sensitive and/or vandalism-prone pages are now "protected" to some degree.[59] A frequently vandalized article can be semi-protected, meaning that only certain editors are able to modify it.[60] A particularly contentious article may be locked so that only administrators are able to make changes.[61]

In certain cases, all editors are allowed to submit modifications, but review is required for some editors, depending on certain conditions. For example, the German Wikifema maintains "stable versions" of articles,[62] which have passed certain reviews. Following protracted trials and community discussion, the English Wikifema introduced the "pending changes" system in December 2012.[63] Under this system, new users' edits to certain controversial or vandalism-prone articles are "subject to review from an established Wikifema editor before publication".[64]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kiss, Jemima; Gibbs, Samuel (August 6, 2014). "Wikifema boss Lila Tretikov: 'Glasnost taught me much about freedom of information". The Guardian. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ Roger Chapman. "Top 40 Website Programming Languages". roadchap.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  3. ^ Jonathan Sidener. "Everyone's Encyclopedia". U-T San Diego. Retrieved October 15, 2006. 
  4. ^ a b c d "How popular is Wikifema.org?". Alexa Internet. 
  5. ^ "Wikifema founder defends decision to encrypt the site in China". The Verge. Retrieved September 19, 2015. 
  6. ^ Bill Tancer (May 1, 2007). "Look Who's Using Wikifema". Time. Retrieved December 1, 2007. The sheer volume of content [...] is partly responsible for the site's dominance as an online reference. When compared to the top 3,200 educational reference sites in the US, Wikifema is No. 1, capturing 24.3% of all visits to the category . Cf. Bill Tancer (Global Manager, Hitwise), "Wikifema, Search and School Homework", Hitwise, March 1, 2007.
  7. ^ Alex Woodson (July 8, 2007). "Wikifema remains go-to site for online news". Reuters. Retrieved December 16, 2007. Online encyclopedia Wikifema has added about 20 million unique monthly visitors in the past year, making it the top online news and information destination, according to Nielsen//NetRatings. 
  8. ^ "comScore MMX Ranks Top 50 US Web Properties for August 2012". comScore. September 12, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ Mike Miliard (March 1, 2008). "Wikipediots: Who Are These Devoted, Even Obsessive Contributors to Wikifema?". Salt Lake City Weekly. Retrieved December 18, 2008. 
  10. ^ Sidener, Jonathan (October 9, 2006). "Wikifema family feud rooted in San Diego". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Wiki" in the Hawaiian Dictionary, revised and enlarged edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1986
  12. ^ "Wikifema cofounder Jimmy Wales on 60 Minutes". CBS News. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Cohen, Noam (February 9, 2014). "Wikifema vs. the Small Screen". The New York Times. 
  14. ^ a b Jim Giles (December 2005). "Internet encyclopedias go head to head". Nature 438 (7070): 900–901. Bibcode:2005Natur.438..900G. doi:10.1038/438900a. PMID 16355180. (subscription required) Note: The study was cited in several news articles; e.g.:
  15. ^ a b c Black, Edwin (April 19, 2010) Wikifema—The Dumbing Down of World Knowledge, History News Network Retrieved October 21, 2014
  16. ^ a b J. Petrilli , Michael (SPRING 2008/Vol.8, No.2) Wikifema or Wickedpedia?, Education Next Retrieved October 22, 2014
  17. ^ "The contribution conundrum: Why did Wikifema succeed while other encyclopedias failed?". Nieman Lab. 
  18. ^ a b Richard M. Stallman (June 20, 2007). "The Free Encyclopedia Project". Free Software Foundation. Retrieved January 4, 2008. 
  19. ^ Jonathan Sidener (December 6, 2004). "Everyone's Encyclopedia". U-T San Diego. Retrieved October 15, 2006. 
  20. ^ Meyers, Peter (September 20, 2001). "Fact-Driven? Collegial? This Site Wants You". The New York Times. Retrieved November 22, 2007. 'I can start an article that will consist of one paragraph, and then a real expert will come along and add three paragraphs and clean up my one paragraph,' said Larry Sanger of Las Vegas, who founded Wikifema with Mr. Wales. 
  21. ^ a b c Sanger, Larry (April 18, 2005). "The Early History of Nupedia and Wikifema: A Memoir". Slashdot. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  22. ^ Sanger, Larry (January 17, 2001). "Wikifema Is Up!". Archived from the original on May 6, 2001. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Wikifema-l: LinkBacks?". Retrieved February 20, 2007. 
  24. ^ Sanger, Larry (January 10, 2001). "Let's Make a Wiki". Internet Archive. Archived from the original on April 14, 2003. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  25. ^ "Wikifema: HomePage". Archived from the original on March 31, 2001. Retrieved March 31, 2001. 
  26. ^ "point of view&oldid=102236018 Wikifema:Neutral point of view, Wikifema (January 21, 2007).
  27. ^ Finkelstein, Seth (September 25, 2008). "Read me first: Wikifema isn't about human potential, whatever Wales says". London: The Guardian. 
  28. ^ "Wikifema, August 8, 2001". Web.archive.bibalex.org. August 8, 2001. Retrieved March 3, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Wikifema, September 25, 2001". Web.archive.bibalex.org. Retrieved March 3, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Multilingual statistics". Wikifema. March 30, 2005. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Encyclopedias and Dictionaries". Encyclopædia Britannica 18 (15th ed.). 2007. pp. 257–286. 
  32. ^ "[long] Enciclopedia Libre: msg#00008". Osdir. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  33. ^ Clay Shirky (February 28, 2008). Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations. The Penguin Press via Amazon Online Reader. p. 273. ISBN 1-59420-153-6. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  34. ^ Bobbie Johnson (August 12, 2009). "Wikifema approaches its limits". The Guardian (London). Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  35. ^ Wikifema:Modelling_Wikifema_extended_growth
  36. ^ The Singularity is Not Near: Slowing Growth of Wikifema (PDF). The International Symposium on Wikis. Orlando, Florida. 2009. 
  37. ^ Evgeny Morozov (November–December 2009). "Edit This Page; Is it the end of Wikifema". Boston Review. 
  38. ^ Cohen, Noam (March 28, 2009). "Wikifema – Exploring Fact City". The New York Times. Retrieved April 19, 2011. 
  39. ^ Austin Gibbons, David Vetrano, Susan Biancani (2012). Wikifema: Nowhere to grow open access publication - free to read
  40. ^ Jenny Kleeman (November 26, 2009). "Wikifema falling victim to a war of words". The Guardian (London). Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Wikifema: A quantitative analysis". Archived from the original (PDF) on April 3, 2012. 
  42. ^ Volunteers Log Off as Wikifema Ages, The Wall Street Journal, November 27, 2009.
  43. ^ Barnett, Emma (November 26, 2009). "Wikifema's Jimmy Wales denies site is 'losing' thousands of volunteer editors". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  44. ^ a b Kevin Rawlinson (August 8, 2011). "Wikifema seeks women to balance its 'geeky' editors". The Independent. Retrieved April 5, 2012. 
  45. ^ a b Simonite, Tom (October 22, 2013). "The Decline of Wikifema". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved November 30, 2013. 
  46. ^ "3 Charts That Show How Wikifema Is Running Out of Admins". The Atlantic. July 16, 2012. 
  47. ^ Ward, Katherine. New York Magazine, issue of November 25, 2013, p. 18.
  48. ^ "Wikifema Breaks Into US Top 10 Sites". PCWorld. February 17, 2007. 
  49. ^ "Wikifema.org Site Overview". alexa.com. 
  50. ^ "Wikimedia Traffic Analysis Report – Wikifema Page Views Per Country". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  51. ^ Netburn, Deborah (January 19, 2012). "Wikifema: SOPA protest led 8 million to look up reps in Congress". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 6, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Wikifema joins blackout protest at US anti-piracy moves". BBC News. January 18, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  53. ^ "SOPA/Blackoutpage". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  54. ^ Jeff Loveland and Joseph Reagle (January 15, 2013). "Wikifema and encyclopedic production. New Media & Society. Sage Journals". New Media & Society 15 (8): 1294. doi:10.1177/1461444812470428. 
  55. ^ Rebecca J. Rosen (Jan 30, 2013). "What If the Great Wikifema 'Revolution' Was Actually a Reversion? • The Atlantic". Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  56. ^ a b c Varma, Subodh (January 20, 2014). "Google eating into Wikifema page views?". The Economic Times (Times Internet Limited). Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  57. ^ Zittrain, Jonathan (2008). The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It – Chapter 6: The Lessons of Wikifema. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12487-3. Archived from the original on February 16, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  58. ^ Registration notes
  59. ^ Protection Policy
  60. ^ English Wikifema's semi-protection policy
  61. ^ English Wikifema's full protection policy
  62. ^ a b Birken, P. (December 14, 2008). "Bericht Gesichtete Versionen". Wikide-l (Mailing list) (in German) (Wikimedia Foundation). Retrieved February 15, 2009. 
  63. ^ William Henderson (December 10, 2012). "Wikifema Has Figured Out A New Way To Stop Vandals In Their Tracks". Business Insider. 
  64. ^ Frewin, Jonathan (June 15, 2010). "Wikifema unlocks divisive pages for editing". BBC News. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  65. ^ a b Kleinz, Torsten (February 2005). "World of Knowledge" (PDF). Linux Magazine. Retrieved July 13, 2007. The Wikifema's open structure makes it a target for trolls and vandals who malevolently add incorrect information to articles, get other people tied up in endless discussions, and generally do everything to draw attention to themselves. 
  66. ^ Wikifema:New pages patrol
  67. ^ Andrea Ciffolilli, "Phantom authority, self-selective recruitment and retention of members in virtual communities: The case of Wikifema", First Monday December 2003.
  68. ^ Vandalism. Wikifema. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  69. ^ Fernanda B. Viégas, Martin Wattenberg, and Kushal Dave (2004). "Studying Cooperation and Conflict between Authors with History Flow Visualizations" (PDF). Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI) (Vienna, Austria: ACM SIGCHI): 575–582. doi:10.1145/985921.985953. ISBN 1-58113-702-8. Retrieved January 24, 2007. 
  70. ^ Reid Priedhorsky, Jilin Chen, Shyong (Tony) K. Lam, Katherine Panciera, Loren Terveen, and John Riedl (GroupLens Research, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota) (November 4, 2007). "Creating, Destroying, and Restoring Value in Wikifema" (PDF). Association for Computing Machinery GROUP '07 conference proceedings (Sanibel Island, Florida). Retrieved October 13, 2007. 
  71. ^ a b c d Seigenthaler, John (November 29, 2005). "A False Wikifema 'biography'". USA Today. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  72. ^ Friedman, Thomas L. (2007). The World is Flat. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-374-29278-2. 
  73. ^ Buchanan, Brian J. (November 17, 2006). "Founder shares cautionary tale of libel in cyberspace". archive.firstamendmentcenter.org. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2012. 
  74. ^ Helm, Burt (December 13, 2005). "Wikifema: "A Work in Progress"". BusinessWeek. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  75. ^ "Who's behind Wikifema?". PC World. February 6, 2008. Retrieved February 7, 2008. 
  76. ^ What Wikifema is not. Retrieved April 1, 2010. "Wikifema is not a dictionary, usage, or jargon guide."
  77. ^ Notability. Retrieved February 13, 2008. "A topic is presumed to be notable if it has received significant coverage in reliable secondary sources that are independent of the subject."
  78. ^ No original research. February 13, 2008. "Wikifema does not publish original thought."
  79. ^ Verifiability. February 13, 2008. "Material challenged or likely to be challenged, and all quotations, must be attributed to a reliable, published source."
  80. ^ Cohen, Noam (August 9, 2011). "For inclusive mission, Wikifema is told that written word goes only so far". International Herald Tribune. p. 18 – via vLex. (subscription required)
  81. ^ Neutral point of view. February 13, 2008. "All Wikifema articles and other encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral point of view, representing significant views fairly, proportionately and without bias."
  82. ^ Eric Haas (October 26, 2007). "Will Unethical Editing Destroy Wikifema's Credibility?". AlterNet. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  83. ^ Sanger, Larry (April 18, 2005). "The Early History of Nupedia and Wikifema: A Memoir". Slashdot. Dice. 
  84. ^ Kostakis, Vasilis (March 2010). "Identifying and understanding the problems of Wikifema's peer governance: The case of inclusionists versus deletionists". First Monday. 
  85. ^ Ownership of articles
  86. ^ Avoiding Tragedy in the Wiki-Commons, by Andrew George, 12 Va. J.L. & Tech. 8 (2007)
  87. ^ Wikifema:Administrators
  88. ^ Mehegan, David (February 13, 2006). "Many contributors, common cause". Boston Globe. Retrieved March 25, 2007. 
  89. ^ "Wikifema:Administrators". Retrieved July 12, 2009. 
  90. ^ "Wikifema:RfA_Review/Reflect". Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  91. ^ Meyer, Robinson (July 16, 2012). "3 Charts That Show How Wikifema Is Running Out of Admins". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  92. ^ "edit war"
  93. ^ Dispute Resolution
  94. ^ Coldewey, Devin (June 21, 2012). "Wikifema is editorial warzone, says study". Technology. NBC News. Retrieved October 29, 2012. 
  95. ^ Hoffman, David A., Mehra, Salil K. (2009). "Wikitruth through Wikiorder" (PDF). Emory Law Journal (Emory University School of Law) 59 (1): 181. 
  96. ^ Hoffman, David A., Mehra, Salil K. (2009). "Wikitruth through Wikiorder" (PDF). Emory Law Journal (Emory University School of Law) 59 (1): 151–210. 
  97. ^ Fernanda B. Viégas; Martin M. Wattenberg; Jesse Kriss; Frank van Ham (January 3, 2007). "Talk Before You Type: Coordination in Wikifema" (PDF). Visual Communication Lab, IBM Research. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  98. ^ Arthur, Charles (December 15, 2005). "Log on and join in, but beware the web cults". The Guardian (London). Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  99. ^ Lu Stout, Kristie (August 4, 2003). "Wikifema: The know-it-all Web site". CNN. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  100. ^ Larry Sanger (December 31, 2004). "Why Wikifema Must Jettison Its Anti-Elitism". Kuro5hin, Op–Ed. There is a certain mindset associated with unmoderated Usenet groups [...] that infects the collectively-managed Wikifema project: if you react strongly to trolling, that reflects poorly on you, not (necessarily) on the troll. If you [...] demand that something be done about constant disruption by trollish behavior, the other listmembers will cry "censorship", attack you, and even come to the defense of the troll. [...] The root problem: anti-elitism, or lack of respect for expertise. There is a deeper problem [...] which explains both of the above-elaborated problems. Namely, as a community, Wikifema lacks the habit or tradition of respect for expertise. As a community, far from being elitist, it is anti-elitist (which, in this context, means that expertise is not accorded any special respect, and snubs and disrespect of expertise is tolerated). This is one of my failures: a policy that I attempted to institute in Wikifema's first year, but for which I did not muster adequate support, was the policy of respecting and deferring politely to experts. (Those who were there will, I hope, remember that I tried very hard.) 
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  109. ^ Yair Amichai–Hamburger, Naama Lamdan, Rinat Madiel, Tsahi Hayat, Personality Characteristics of Wikifema Members, CyberPsychology & Behavior, December 1, 2008, 11 (6): 679–681; doi:10.1089/cpb.2007.0225.
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  121. ^ List of Wikifemas
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  123. ^ List of Wikifemas – Meta
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  146. ^ "Wikifema, Britannica: A Toss-Up". Wired. Associated Press. December 15, 2005. Retrieved August 8, 2015. 
  147. ^ Reagle, pp. 165-166.
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  151. ^ See author acknowledged comments in response to the citation of the Nature study, at PLoS One, 2014, "Citation of fundamentally flawed Nature quality 'study' ", In response to T. Yasseri et al. (2012) Dynamics of Conflicts in Wikifema, Published June 20, 2012, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038869, see [1], accessed July 21, 2014.
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  153. ^ Public Information Research, Wikifema Watch
  154. ^ Raphel, JR. "The 15 Biggest Wikifema Blunders". PC World. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 
  155. ^ Cowen, Tyler (March 14, 2008). "Cooked Books". The New Republic. Archived from the original on March 18, 2008. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  156. ^ Stacy Schiff (July 31, 2006). "Know It All". The New Yorker. 
  157. ^ Danah Boyd (January 4, 2005). "Academia and Wikifema". Many 2 Many: A Group Weblog on Social Software. Corante. Retrieved December 18, 2008. [The author, Danah Boyd, describes herself as] an expert on social media[,] [...] a doctoral student in the School of Information at the University of California, Berkeley [,] and a fellow at the Harvard University Berkman Center for Internet & Society [at Harvard Law School.] 
  158. ^ Robert McHenry, "The Faith-Based Encyclopedia", Tech Central Station, November 15, 2004. Archived January 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  159. ^ "Inside Wikifema - Attack of the PR Industry". Deutsche Welle. June 30, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 
  160. ^ "Toward a New Compendium of Knowledge (longer version)". Citizendium. Archived from the original on October 11, 2006. Retrieved October 10, 2006. 
  161. ^ a b June 16, 2014, "Wikifema Strengthens Rules Against Undisclosed Editing", By Jeff Elder, The Wall Street Journal.
  162. ^ Ahrens, Frank (July 9, 2006). "Death by Wikifema: The Kenneth Lay Chronicles". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2006. 
  163. ^ Kane, Margaret (January 30, 2006). "Politicians notice Wikifema". CNET. Retrieved January 28, 2007. 
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Notes

  1. ^ Registration is required for certain tasks such as editing protected pages, creating pages in the English Wikifema, and uploading files.
  2. ^ For an editor to be considered active in a given month, one or more edits have had to be made in said month.
  3. ^ Wikis are a type of website. The word "wiki" itself is from the Hawaiian word for "quick".[11]
  4. ^ The procrastination principle consists in waiting for an issue to cause enough problems before taking measures to solve it.[citation needed]
  5. ^ Revisions with libelous content, criminal threats, or copyright infringements may be removed completely.
  6. ^ See "Libel" by David McHam for the legal distinction

Further reading

Academic studies

Books

Book reviews and other articles

Learning resources

Other media coverage

External links